I Guds namn, Den Barmhärtigaste, Den Nådigaste
läs mer i Appendix 13 av Dr. Khalifas Auktoriserade Engelska Översättningen av Koranen Islams Första Pelare: "La Elaaha Ellaa Allah" (Ingen gud förutom Gud)
The True Shahada (Testimony of faith)
Notis: Det följande är en reproduktion av huvud-artiklen “The True Shahada (Testimony of faith)”.
The prophet Abraham who, although not a Jew or a Christian, was such an excellent example that God commanded his Messenger Muhammad to follow him. And Mohammed responded by saying:
“I have submitted my wholeself to God and so have those who follow me…” [3:20]
Why then have millions of people been entrapped into following the teachings of Abu Hurairah a mysterious person from the shadows of Hadith literature? Could it be that they have rejected the teaching of Quran while believing they have not done so? God says:[3:23-24]” Have you noted those who were given part of the scripture, and how they are invited to uphold this scripture of GOD, and apply it to their own lives, then some of them turn away in aversion? This is because they said, “The hellfire will not touch us, except for a few days.” They were thus deceived in their religion by their own fabrications.
To profess their faith in Islam , the Sunnis make this declaration: “I bear witness that there is no god except God and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.” (Arabic transliteration: “Ash hadu anlaa ilaaha illallaahu wa ash hadu anna muhammadar-rasulallah”). This testimony is called the Shahadah and according to Sunni belief it must be recited by every Muslim as an attestation of their allegiance to Islam. Consequently any person who does not ‘bear witness’ is not accepted as a Muslim by them.
However this testimony is not sanctioned by the true teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, which are found in the Quran, the veritable word of God.
Many people may feel astounded at this statement especially as the Shahadah is considered to be the foundation of Sunni faith. This is why it is important to take a careful and critical look before reaching any impulsive conclusions.
For the Sunni, the purpose of the Shahadah is many folds. For example without reciting the Shahadah, the Sunnis consider their salat prayer to be nullified. Also before a newcomer is accepted into the Sunni religion, a public declaration by reciting the Shahadah in front of witnesses must be made. In some countries converts are given a “certificate” after reciting the Shahadah to confirm they have been “admitted” into the Islamic fold. However, it is not known if such “certificates” are also a complimentary pass into heaven!
To associate anything or anyone with God is known as ‘shirk’, the highest degree of blasphemy, which God does not forgive. This is made clear in chapter 4 verse 48. The Quran also stipulates that Muslims must profess faith in the One God and not call on anyone else. The Shahadah, therefore, cannot be the correct way to affirm faith as the name of the prophet Muhammad, besides God, is included in this attestation and also used in the salat prayers.
People blindly following their religion are the root of wrong beliefs. This acceptance of the Shahadah is no different. If only people read and understand the Quran then they would realize that God revealed the following verse to the Messenger which is just as applicable to us today as it was to him: [17:36] “You shall not accept any information, unless you verify it for yourself. I have given you the hearing, the eyesight, and the brain, and you are responsible for using them. God wants us to substantiate our beliefs and we should follow His advice.
The Shahadah testimony that is recited by the Sunnis originates from Abu Hurairah and is recorded in the ‘hadith’ – the oral traditions attributed to the prophet Muhammad. The hadith given below is from “Mishkat-ul-Masabih”, translation by Maulana Fazlul Karim, Volume 1, Chapter 1, no.27. (Published by the Book House, Lahore, Pakistan). As there are a many versions of this hadith, the collections of Tirmidzi should also be read.
The hadith regarding the Shahadah says: One day Abu Hurairah went to the people and told them that the Messenger had authorized him to go and tell them to recite the Shahadah “ash hadu anlaa ilaha illallhu wa ash hadu anna muhammadar-rasulullah”. Another version reads ” muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu”. The first person Abu Hurairah came across to give the Shahadah was Saidina Omar (later the second caliph). When Omar heard it he promptly punched Abu Hurairah in the chest and knocked him to the ground. Then Omar put his foot on Abu Hurairah’s neck and asked him how dare he utter such a blasphemy.
Abu Hurairah (who is recorded in the hadith as having received quite a few beatings from Omar during his lifetime) then cried out and named the Messenger as his authority. When again challenged by Saidina Omar, Abu Hurairah pulled out a pair of leather slippers and showed them to Omar. The slippers, he said, were given to him by the Prophet, as proof for what he was saying. Recognizing the prophet’s slippers, Omar simmered down. Everyone then happily started reciting the shahadah.
This most incredible story is the background to the Shahadah of Abu Hurairah, which has been adopted by millions of Sunnis.
In the Quran God says, “The believers are kind to each other and stern with the disbelievers…” Sura 5:54. Hence the ‘hadith’ books are full of stories of how great friends the companions of the prophet (known as ‘Sahaba’) were and the love and kindness they showed towards each other.
Fourteen centuries down the road today the Tabligh people (sunni missionaries) always greet each other with hugs and kisses, supposedly to emulate the brotherly Sahaba. But in this particular ‘hadith’, we have one Sahaba knocking another down to the ground for bringing along something as important as the Shahadah!
In another account of this same episode, Omar is reported as challenging the Messenger if he did indeed send Abu Hurairah with his slippers to recite the Shahadah. When the Messenger said yes, Omar disagreed with him and said the Shahadah will make people “lazy”! Whatever the logic of this hadith can be left for the hadith advocates to explain. Yet again the narrator of this fabrication is Abu Hurairah.
About the believers and the companions of the prophet, and Omar was one of them, the Quran says; [24:51] The only utterance of the believers, whenever invited to GOD and His messenger to judge in their affairs, is to say, “We hear and we obey.” These are the winners.
Abu Hurairah’s ridiculous fable not only contradicts the above verse but also contradicts Sura 6:51 where God tells the Messenger (and by implication the companions and whomever the Quran reaches): [6:51] And preach with this (Quran) to those who reverence the summoning before their Lord – they have none beside Him as a Lord and Master, nor an intercessor – that they may attain salvation.
Instead Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet handed over his pair of slippers to him and told him to preach with the slippers in hand as proof of authenticity. By his confession Abu Hurairah was beaten by Omar, who argued with the Prophet and said that the Shahadah was unwise. Does the basis of a Muslim’s faith rest on such an absurd tale? Surely this cannot be part of Islam, which is based on reason and logic?
No one seems to know the correct identity of this Abu Hurairah even today scholars cannot agree on his real name. Despite there being a hadith (also attributed to Abu Hurairah) that we should not call people by nicknames, Abu Hurairah is itself a nickname which means “the Father of Cats”. So the originator of the Sunni Shahadah was an unknown man who was attacked unceremoniously by another companion of the Messenger! It is now apparent that there is significant evidence to show that the Shahadah testimony of the Sunni people has a very dubious background based on ludicrous hadith falsely attributed to the prophet Muhammad whom they claim to love!
How then does Abu Hurairah’s Shahadah contradict the Prophet’s true teachings? The Quran was revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad who then passed on this message, first to the companions and then to the rest of the people. Besides being God’s own revelation, the Quran represents what was actually said by the prophet Muhammad. Anyone who rejects this simple fact cannot at all claim to be a Muslim.
So what did God commanded the Messenger to tell us? [72:18] “The places of worship belong to GOD; do not call on anyone else beside GOD.
However, in the Shahadah of Abu Hurairah, the Sunnis call on the Messenger as well as God. The Sunni scholars will argue that the mention of the Messenger’s name is only out of respect. But then in the same breath, they will insist that the salat prayer to God Almighty is nullified if the prophet Muhammad’s name is not mentioned in the Shahadah during the salat prayer. This is tantamount to idolatry as associating another person with God is committing ‘shirk’ the unforgivable offence.
The human has a major weakness. He finds it difficult to believe in an unseen God. Even the Prophet Moses had this problem. “When Moses came to our audience, and His Lord spoke to him, he said, “My Lord let me look and see you”. He said, “You cannot see Me…” Sura, 7:143.
The human looks for something tangible, hence the Christians first elevated Jesus to a Son of God and then to the status of God Himself. The Hindus worship humans like Rama and Krishna who they say are gods. The Sunnis have similarly idolized the Prophet Muhammad and have given him a divine status by adding his name to the Shahadah testament and appropriately the Sunnis can be called “Mohammedan”.
To remind them of this folly will only raise their anger. Perhaps they do not know that it is the Prophet Muhammad himself who taught the following: “When God alone is advocated, the hearts of those who do not believe in the hereafter shrink with aversion. But when OTHERS are mentioned besides Him, they rejoice” Sura 39:45.
Note how angry the Mohammedan become when you mention God alone. Their anger subsides only when you agree to add “Muhammad” as the second half of Abu Hurairah’s Shahadah which reads “And I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God” (Arabic transliteration: wa ash hadu anna muhammadar rasulullah).
God revealed to the Messenger that this is actually the Shahadah of the hypocrites (Arabic: Munafiq). “Among the Arabs around you there are hypocrites, and among the city dwellers as well. They persist in hypocrisy and while you ( Muhammad) may not know them, me know them. We will double the punishment for them, then they will be returned for a terrible retribution” Sura 9:101. Here God is telling the Messenger that hypocrites surround him and that he does not know who they are. Only God knows the hypocrites. But God promises “… He will most certainly expose the hypocrites” Sura 29:11. And the hypocrites are worried about this too: [9:64]The hypocrites worry that a sura may be revealed exposing what is inside their hearts. Say, “Go ahead and mock. GOD will expose exactly what you are afraid of.”
God also says that the hypocrites can be recognized by way they engage in vain talk. “If we will we can expose them for you, so that you can recognize them just by looking at them. However you can recognize them from what they say. God is fully aware of all your works”. Sura, 47:30.
Hence God promises to expose the hypocrites. One such method is recorded in the Quran in Sura 63:1. “When the hypocrites come to you and say: “WE BEAR WITNESS THAT YOU ARE THE MESSENGER OF GOD. God indeed knows that you are His Messenger. God bears witness that the hypocrites are liars”.
The important thing to note in this verse is that the emphasized words form the second part of Abu Hurairah’s Shahadah, which is now recited by all Mohammedan. This as we see from the verse 63.1 is actually the Shahadah of the hypocrites! What the hypocrites say is vain talk because God indeed knows that Muhammad is His Messenger (63:1). God does not need any one to affirm back to Him what He already knows about His own Messenger.
The Quran says; “We have sent you as a Messenger and GOD SUFFICES AS A WITNESS…” Sura 4:79 and this is exactly what the Messenger told his companions. There is no need to bear witness on him because God has already done so and that is enough.
“God bears witness concerning what He has revealed to you. He has revealed it with His knowledge. And the angels bear witness as well, BUT GOD IS ENOUGH AS A WITNESS” Sura 4:166. Again this is what the Messenger told the companions. God is enough as a witness. God also discourages attempts at witnessing other Messengers: “You were not on the slope of the western Mount when we gave Moses the commandments. YOU WERE NOT A WITNESS” Sura 28:44. So people cannot “witness” the messengership of the Messengers.
To reiterate, God says He will certainly expose the hypocrites (sura 29:11). God says the Messenger can recognize them from what they say (sura 47:30). So when the hypocrites come and insist that they want to bear witness on the Messenger, they expose themselves as hypocrites. And Abu Hurairah has fooled millions of Muslims into reciting the same thing everyday of their lives.
The Quran says: [3:18] GOD bears witness that there is no god except He, and so do the angels and those who possess knowledge. Truthfully and equitably, He is the absolute god; there is no god but He, the Almighty, Most Wise.
God is enough as a Witness
Again God says that His own witness is enough: “Say, Whose testimony is the greatest” Say, “God’s (testimony is the greatest). HE IS THE WITNESS BETWEEN ME AND YOU that this Quran has been inspired to me, to preach it to you and whomever it reaches..” Sura, 6:19. Because “… God suffices as a witness…” Sura 4:79 and 4:166., the Shahadah as proclaimed by Abu Hurairah is therefore a lie – a fabrication by whoever wrote the ‘hadith’.
Despite the evidence of the Quran, which no Muslim will deny is the truest teaching of the Messenger, the hypocrites insist on bearing witness to Muhammad’s Messengership. They insist on bearing witness when God says He needs no other witness apart from Himself.
Most importantly, the Shahadah of Abu Hurairah, by its purpose, goes against Sura 72:18 and Sura 39:45 in that it associates the Messenger’s name with God. Without bearing witness on the Messenger, the Sunnis say that the salat prayer and faith are void. Even though by evidence from the Quran this is shown to be idol-worship, “shirk” of the highest order. Each time people say the Sunni Shahadah they are committing idol-worship, “shirk”, the unpardonable blasphemy for which they may burn in hell.
The True Shahada
there is no god except He
What then is the real Shahada, attestation, which Muslims can recite to affirm their faith? Perhaps when the companions asked the Messenger this question, he would have replied: “The word of your Lord is complete, in truth and justice. Nothing shall abrogate His words. He is the hearer, the knower”. Sura 6:114
Therefore the answer is definitely in the Quran and to show the correct Shahada, attestation of faith, God gave it to us complete, clear and simple in 3:18, “GOD bears witness that there is no god except He, and so do the angels and those who possess knowledge. Truthfully and equitably, He is the absolute god; there is no god but He, the Almighty, Most Wise.”
Adding Muhammad’s name to that Shahada of God, the angels and those who possess knowledge is a gross sign of the hypocrites as God teaches us in 63:1 “When the hypocrites come to you they say, “We bear witness that you are the messenger of GOD.” GOD knows that you are His messenger, and GOD bears witness that the hypocrites are liars.”