The Woman’s Status in Christianity & Islam

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The Woman’s Status in Christianity & Islam


Notis: Det följande är en reproduktion av artiklen ”The Woman’s Status in Christianity & Islam.”

The First Woman / Eve

Christianity (Bible)

”When the woman (Eve) saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband (Adam), who was with her, and he ate it…Then the man (Adam) and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden. But the Lord God called to the man, ”Where are you?” He (Adam) answered, ”I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.” And he (God)  said, ”Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?” The man said, ”The woman (Eve) you put here with me-she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.” Then the Lord God said to the woman, ”What is this you have done?” The woman said, ”The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” To the woman he (God) said, ”I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” To Adam he (God) said, ”Because you listen to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat of it,’ ”Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.”

Genesis 3:6-17

Islam (Quran)

[7:19] ”As for you, Adam, dwell with your wife in Paradise, and eat therefrom as you please, but do not approach this one tree, lest you fall in sin.”

[7:20] The devil whispered to them, in order to reveal their bodies, which were invisible to them. He said, ”Your Lord did not forbid you from this tree, except to prevent you from becoming angels, and from attaining eternal existence.”

[7:21] He swore to them, ”I am giving you good advice.”

[7:22] He thus duped them with lies. As soon as they tasted the tree, their bodies became visible to them, and they tried to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise. Their Lord called upon them: ”Did I not enjoin you from that tree, and warn you that the devil is your most ardent enemy?”

[7:23] They said, ”Our Lord, we have wronged our souls, and unless You forgive us and have mercy on us, we will be losers.”

Quran 7:19-23

Female Gender vs. Male Gender

”…if a woman have conceived seed, and born a man child: then she shall be unclean seven days…but if she bear a maid child, then she shall be unclean two weeks…” 

Leviticus 12:2-5

[42:49] To GOD belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. He creates whatever He wills, granting daughters to whomever He wills, and granting sons to whomever He wills.

Quran 42:49

The Female Spiritual Essence

”I find more bitter than death the woman who is a snare, whose heart is a trap and whose hands are chains. The man who pleases God will escape her, but the sinner she will ensnare.” ”Look,” says the Teacher, ”this is what I have discovered: ”Adding one thing to another to discover the scheme of things-while I was still searching but not finding- I found one upright man among a thousand, but not one upright woman among them all.” 

Ecclesiastes 7:26-28

[66:11] And GOD cites as an example of those who believed the wife of Pharaoh. She said, ”My Lord, build a home for me at You in Paradise, and save me from Pharaoh and his works; save me from the transgressing people.”

[66:12] Also Mary, the Amramite. She maintained her chastity, then we blew into her from our spirit. She believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures; she was obedient.

Quran 66:11-12

Menses & Sexual Relation During Menses

”When a woman has her regular flow of blood, the impurity of her monthly period will last seven days, and anyone who touches her will be unclean till evening. anything she lies on during her period will be unclean, and anything she sits on will be unclean. Whoever touches her bed must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening. Whoever touches anything she sits on must wash his clothes and bathe with water, and he will be unclean till evening. Whether it is the bed or anything she was sitting on, when anyone touches it, he will be unclean till evening.” 

Leviticus 15:19-23

”Do not approach a woman to have sexual relations during the uncleanness of her monthly period.” 

Leviticus 18:19

[2:222] They ask you about menstruation: say, ”It is harmful; you shall avoid sexual intercourse with the women during menstruation; do not approach them until they are rid of it. Once they are rid of it, you may have intercourse with them in the manner designed by GOD. GOD loves the repenters, and He loves those who are clean.”

Quran 2:222

A Woman’s Right to Education

”let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law, and if they will learn anything, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for woman to speak in the church.”

1 Corinthians 14:34-35

The Importance of Religious Education

”When the believers mobilize, not all of them shall do so. A few from each group shall mobilize by devoting their time to studying the religion. Thus, they can pass the knowledge on to their people when they return, that they may remain religiously informed. ”

Quran 9:122

”Their Lord responded to them: ”I never fail to reward any worker among you for any work you do, be you MALE OR FEMALE, YOU ARE EQUAL TO ONE ANOTHER………”

Quran 3:195

Right to Inheritance

”Say to the Israelites, ‘If a man dies and leaves no son, turn his inheritance over to his daughter…'” 

Numbers 27:8

”The men get a share of what the parents and the relatives leave behind. The women too shall get a share of what the parents and relatives leave behind. Whether it is a small or a large inheritance, (the women must get) a definite share. ”

Quran 4:7

Dressing Modesty / No Head Covering in Islam (Submissio)

”Now I want you to realize that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God. Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonors his head. And every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head…If a woman does not cover her head, she should have her hair cut off; and if it is a disgrace for a woman to have her hair cut or shaved off, she should cover her head” 

1 Corrinthians 11:3-6

”I also want women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or expensive clothes, but with good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God”

1 Timothy 2:9-10

”O prophet, tell your wives, your daughters, and the wives of the believers that they shall lengthen their garments. Thus, they will be recognized (as righteous women) and avoid being insulted. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

Quran 33:59

”And tell the believing women to subdue their eyes, and maintain their chastity. They shall not reveal any parts of their bodies, except that which is necessary. They shall cover their chests, and shall not relax this code in the presence of other than their husbands, their fathers, the fathers of their husbands, their sons, the sons of their husbands, their brothers, the sons of their brothers, the sons of their sisters, other women, the male servants or employees whose sexual drive has been nullified, or the children who have not reached puberty. They shall not strike their feet when they walk in order to shake and reveal certain details of their bodies. All of you shall repent to GOD, O you believers, that you may succeed..” 

Quran 24:31

Polygamy

”After he left Hebron, David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him.” 

2 Samuel 5:13

”He (Solomon) had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines…” 

1 Kings 11:3

”And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.”

Genesis 4:19

”If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the first-born son be hers that was hated: then it shall be, when he maketh…”

Deuteronomy 21:15

”if he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall her not diminish.”

Exodus 21:10

”If you deem it best for the orphans, you may marry their mothers – you may marry two, three, or four. If you fear lest you become unfair, then you shall be content with only one, or with what you already have. Additionally, you are thus more likely to avoid financial hardship.”

Quran 4:3

Prohibition in Marriage

”Do not take your wife’s sister as a rival wife and have sexual relations with her while your wife is living.” 

Leviticus 18:18

”Prohibited for you (in marriage) are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, the sisters of your fathers, the sisters of your mothers, the daughters of your brother, the daughters of your sister, your nursing mothers, the girls who nursed from the same woman as you, the mothers of your wives, the daughters of your wives with whom you have consummated the marriage – if the marriage has not been consummated, you may marry the daughter. Also prohibited for you are the women who were married to your genetic sons. Also, you shall not be married to two  sisters at the same time – but do not break up existing marriages. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.”

Quran 4:23

Divorce

”…Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her. And if she divorces her husband and marries another man, she commits adultery.” 

Mark 10:11-12

”O you prophet, when you people divorce the women, you shall ensure that a divorce interim is fulfilled. You shall measure such an interim precisely. You shall reverence GOD your Lord. Do not evict them from their homes, nor shall you make life miserable for them, to force them to leave on their own, unless they commit a proven adultery. These are GOD’s laws. Anyone who transgresses GOD’s laws commits an injustice against himself. You never know; maybe GOD wills something good to come out of this.”

Quran 65:1

The Divorcee & Widow

”…who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.” 

Matthew 5:32

”‘The woman he (the priest) marries must be a virgin. He must not marry a widow, a divorced woman, or a woman defiled by prostitution, but only a virgin from his own people.'”

Leviticus 21:13-4

”Those who die and leave wives, their widows shall wait four months and ten days (before they remarry). Once they fulfill their interim, you commit no error by letting them do whatever righteous matters they wish to do. GOD is fully Cognizant of everything you do.”

Quran 2:234

The Respect of Parents

”Then he (Jesus) went down to Nazareth with them (his parents) and was obedient to them…”

Luke 2:51

”For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.”

Mark 7:10

”Each of you must respect his mother and father…”

Leviticus 19:3

”I am (Jesus) to honor my mother; He (God) did not make me a disobedient rebel.”

Quran 19:32

”We enjoined the human being to honor his parents. His mother bore him, and the load got heavier and heavier. It takes two years (of intensive care) until weaning. You shall be appreciative of Me, and of your parents. To Me is the ultimate destiny.”

Quran 31:14